Unemployment in India: Facts and Political Situation right before the Elections of 2019
India is a massive state and along with China is included in the most developing countries of 21st century. According to world bank, the GDP of India 2017 was 2.597.000.000. India is usually referred in modern bibliography as political actors and a global power with huge impact in whole world and not only to the Asian periphery. More specifically, Robert Kappel ranks India among Brazil, China and South Africa in rising powers and gives attention in the change of a monopolar to a multipolar world.
India currently has a population of 1.342.512.705 and in 2042 will probably have more than 1.650.579.000 population (exceeding even the population of China). Although the GDP of the country is being on the rise continuously, the unemployment rate stands on a higher position than ever before in the modern history of India (actually in duration of 45 years) and poverty is far from being eliminated. Actually, and with the pre-elections period running, it is really a matter of multiple disagreements to what extent the problem is real or fictional as an indicator against the Modi politics or if it is a fact that has to be faced urgently before another huge social demonstration begin in specific regions of the country like North Eastern Region, comprising Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura or the ones near Myanmar and Bangladesh, which have a lot of separatist movements. According to Al Jazeera, 18.7 percent of urban males between 15-29 and 27.2 of urban females in the same age group have been unemployed recently.
Tish Sanghera recognizes as a major current problem of India, the combination of high unemployment rate and inflation, which lead to poverty of more and more people as well as a crisis in democratic performance. This happens, as a result of the corruption and nepotism connected with the unemployment problem, which leads many people to struggle to find other ways to be employed other than a meritocratic one. Of course, the democratic deficit of such a fact is obvious and the connection of the unemployment rate with the forthcoming state elections is more than profound. Actually, according to Business Insider unemployment has emerged as the biggest issue for India’s general elections in 2019. However, there is a high percentage (even more than 80% in specific regions) that either disagree that job losses have risen or do not blame the Modi government for it, which is also an obvious proof that Indian mass media manipulation plays a very significant and impactful role in the political and societal “game” of the country.
Overall, Asian countries with India and China being the most important game changers, have been part of many discussions recently. In spite of their ongoing economic development (specifically talking about India) the unemployment rate is high because of a set of many factors such as:
2. existing oligarchy within the performed democracy
4. not qualified people even for a position of an entry level.
If this problem is not to be faced urgently, then a bigger social crisis will probably begin in India with side-effects in many sectors of the country.
This article has been written by Yannis Kourtis, Project Officer and Head of the Asian Studies in United Societies of Balkans about the project Workpetence which is co-funded by the Erasmus+ Programme of the European Union. The European Commission support for the production of this publication does not constitute an endorsement of the contents which reflects the views only of the authors, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
 Kappel R., (2010), 6-8, https://www.giga-hamburg.de/en/system/files/publications/wp145_kappel.pdf